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us-gaap:AccumulatedNetGainLossFromDesignatedOrQualifyingCashFlowHedgesMember 2019-04-30 0000769397 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-02-01 2019-04-30 0000769397 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-02-01 2018-04-30 iso4217:USD iso4217:USD xbrli:shares adsk:period xbrli:shares xbrli:pure adsk:manager adsk:segment


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2019
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to            
Commission File Number: 0-14338
 
 
AUTODESK, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
94-2819853
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
111 McInnis Parkway,
San Rafael, California
 
94903
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(415) 507-5000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
ADSK
 
The Nasdaq Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
x
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
  
Emerging growth company
 
¨





If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x
As of May 29, 2019, registrant had outstanding 219,619,580 shares of common stock.
 




AUTODESK, INC. FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 





PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

AUTODESK, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Net revenue:
 
 
 
Subscription
$
595.8

 
$
350.4

Maintenance
112.0

 
181.2

Total subscription and maintenance revenue
707.8

 
531.6

Other
27.7

 
28.3

Total net revenue
735.5

 
559.9

Cost of revenue:

 

Cost of subscription and maintenance revenue
59.7

 
50.4

Cost of other revenue
13.8

 
12.8

Amortization of developed technology
9.2

 
3.6

Total cost of revenue
82.7

 
66.8

Gross profit
652.8

 
493.1

Operating expenses:

 
 
Marketing and sales
313.3

 
276.4

Research and development
205.6

 
172.8

General and administrative
99.1

 
72.9

Amortization of purchased intangibles
9.8

 
3.8

Restructuring and other exit costs, net
0.2

 
22.5

Total operating expenses
628.0

 
548.4

Income (loss) from operations
24.8

 
(55.3
)
Interest and other expense, net
(16.2
)
 
(8.5
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
8.6

 
(63.8
)
Provision for income taxes
(32.8
)
 
(18.6
)
Net loss
$
(24.2
)
 
$
(82.4
)
Basic net loss per share
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(0.38
)
Diluted net loss per share
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(0.38
)
Weighted average shares used in computing basic net loss per share
219.6

 
218.6

Weighted average shares used in computing diluted net loss per share
219.6

 
218.6





See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


4



AUTODESK, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Net loss
$
(24.2
)
 
$
(82.4
)
Other comprehensive loss, net of reclassifications:
 
 
 
Net gain on derivative instruments (net of tax effect of ($0.3) and ($0.7), respectively)
3.3

 
6.0

Change in net unrealized gain on available-for-sale debt securities (net of tax effect of ($0.4) and $0.1, respectively)
1.1

 
0.6

Change in defined benefit pension items (net of tax effect of $0.1 and ($1.4), respectively)
(0.6
)
 
7.7

Net change in cumulative foreign currency translation loss (net of tax effect of $0.4 and $0.3, respectively)
(10.4
)
 
(24.3
)
Total other comprehensive loss
(6.6
)
 
(10.0
)
Total comprehensive loss
$
(30.8
)
 
$
(92.4
)


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


5



AUTODESK, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
 
April 30, 2019
 
January 31, 2019
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:



Cash and cash equivalents
$
883.2


$
886.0

Marketable securities
88.9


67.6

Accounts receivable, net
268.1


474.3

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
182.1


192.1

Total current assets
1,422.3


1,620.0

Computer equipment, software, furniture and leasehold improvements, net
152.6


149.7

Operating lease right-of-use assets
309.9

 

Developed technologies, net
96.3


105.6

Goodwill
2,446.2


2,450.8

Deferred income taxes, net
54.4


65.3

Other assets
326.8


337.8

Total assets
$
4,808.5


$
4,729.2

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

 

Current liabilities:



Accounts payable
$
98.0


$
101.6

Accrued compensation
161.8


280.8

Accrued income taxes
6.5


13.2

Deferred revenue
1,777.5


1,763.3

Operating lease liabilities
59.2

 

Other accrued liabilities
117.7


142.3

Total current liabilities
2,220.7


2,301.2

Long-term deferred revenue
376.0


328.1

Long-term operating lease liabilities
265.6

 

Long-term income taxes payable
18.4


21.5

Long-term deferred income taxes
93.9

 
79.8

Long-term notes payable, net
1,963.3

 
2,087.7

Other liabilities
115.9


121.8

Stockholders’ deficit:



Common stock and additional paid-in capital
2,123.1


2,071.5

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(141.6
)

(135.0
)
Accumulated deficit
(2,226.8
)

(2,147.4
)
Total stockholders’ deficit
(245.3
)

(210.9
)
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit
$
4,808.5


$
4,729.2


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


6



AUTODESK, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Operating activities:



Net loss
$
(24.2
)

$
(82.4
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:



Depreciation, amortization and accretion
32.7


24.1

Stock-based compensation expense
75.2


54.4

Deferred income taxes
24.4

 
13.3

Restructuring and other exit costs, net
0.2


22.5

Other operating activities
15.3


10.5

Changes in operating assets and liabilities
 



Accounts receivable
206.2

 
231.4

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
11.4

 
(1.4
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(172.6
)
 
(227.7
)
Deferred revenue
62.2

 
(58.5
)
Accrued income taxes
(9.6
)
 
(3.1
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
221.2


(16.9
)
Investing activities:



Purchases of marketable securities
(19.8
)

(9.9
)
Sales of marketable securities
4.6


6.2

Maturities of marketable securities


68.6

Capital expenditures
(14.7
)

(16.7
)
Other investing activities
0.7


(0.6
)
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities
(29.2
)

47.6

Financing activities:



Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs
46.9


49.1

Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards
(25.8
)

(38.8
)
Repurchases of common stock
(88.5
)

(22.0
)
Repayment of debt
(125.0
)


Net cash used in financing activities
(192.4
)

(11.7
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(2.4
)

(4.0
)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(2.8
)

15.0

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
886.0


1,078.0

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
883.2


$
1,093.0

 
 
 
 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


7



AUTODESK, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(Tables in millions, except share and per share data, or as otherwise noted)
 
1. Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Autodesk, Inc. (“Autodesk,” “we,” “us,” “our,” or the “Company”) as of April 30, 2019, and for the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018, have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") for interim financial information along with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for annual financial statements. In management’s opinion, Autodesk made all adjustments (consisting of normal, recurring and non-recurring adjustments) during the quarter that were considered necessary for the fair statement of the financial position and operating results of the Company. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. In addition, the results of operations for the three months ended April 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire fiscal year ending January 31, 2020, or for any other period. Further, the balance sheet as of January 31, 2019 has been derived from the audited Consolidated Balance Sheet as of this date. There have been no material changes, other than what is discussed herein, to Autodesk's significant accounting policies as compared to the significant accounting policies disclosed in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2019. These unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes, together with management’s discussion and analysis of financial position and results of operations, contained in Autodesk’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2019, filed on March 25, 2019.

2. Recently Issued Accounting Standards

With the exception of those discussed below, there have been no recent changes in accounting pronouncements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) or adopted by the Company during the three months ended April 30, 2019, that are applicable to the Company.

Accounting standards adopted

Autodesk adopted ASU No. 2017-12, "Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities" on February 1, 2019. The amendment helps simplify certain aspects of hedge accounting and results in a more accurate portrayal of the economics of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements. For cash flow and net investment hedges as of the adoption date, the guidance required a modified retrospective approach. The amended presentation and disclosure guidance is required only prospectively. The transition impact was immaterial and no substantive changes were made to Autodesk’s current processes, accounting, or disclosures for cash flow hedges.

Autodesk adopted ASU No. 2018-02, “Income Statement-Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income” on February 1, 2019.  The amendment allows entities the option to reclassify tax effects stranded in accumulated other comprehensive income as a result of the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act") to retained earnings. Upon adoption, the amount reclassified from other comprehensive loss to stockholders' deficit was not material.
 
Leases

In February 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (ASC Topic 842) to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing transactions. The new standard requires entities to reflect the net present value of all future fixed lease payments for both operating and finance leases on the balance sheet. It also requires entities to disclose fixed and variable lease payments separately and by lease type (operating vs. finance leases). In addition, FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10 and 2018-11 in July 2018 and ASU No. 2018-20 in December 2018 to help provide accommodations and interpretive clarifications on various issues raised by stakeholders. ASU No. 2018-10 clarifies ambiguous or potentially conflicting guidance in ASU No. 2016-02. ASU No. 2018-11 provides an additional transition option to apply ASU No. 2016-02 upon adoption of the new standard.


8



Adoption and policy elections

Autodesk adopted ASU No. 2016-02 as of February 1, 2019, using the modified retrospective method permitted under ASU No. 2018-11 for all existing leases which does not include retrospectively adjusting prior periods presented in the financial statements. Under ASU No. 2016-02, as the lessee, Autodesk recognized a right-of-use ("ROU") asset and offsetting lease liability for leases that existed on adoption. The asset and liability were measured at present value of all future fixed lease payments, discounted using the Company’s incremental borrowing rate. Autodesk has elected to opt for the practical expedients: to not reassess whether any existing contracts are leases or contain a lease; to not reassess the lease classification of existing leases; and to not reassess initial direct costs for existing leases. Autodesk has elected to combine lease and non-lease components for new leases post adoption for all lease assets.

Autodesk determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating leases are included in “Operating lease right-of-use assets”, “Operating lease liabilities”, and “Long-term operating lease liabilities” in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Operating lease ROU assets represent Autodesk’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and operating lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. As most of the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, Autodesk uses its incremental borrowing rate, adjusted for local country-specific borrowing rates as applicable, based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. The operating lease ROU assets include any adjustments for prepayments and any lease incentives. Options to extend or terminate the lease are considered in determining the lease term when it is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Autodesk has lease agreements with lease and non-lease components. Autodesk accounts for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component.

Quantitative effect of ASC Topic 842 adoption

Under the modified retrospective method, Autodesk recorded $(0.7) million to the opening balance of "Accumulated deficit" as of February 1, 2019. The comparative information has not been adjusted and continues to be reported as under previous accounting guidance. The adoption of ASU No. 2016-02 did not have a material impact to the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of operations or net cash provided by operating activities as of February 1, 2019.

The following table shows line items that were materially impacted by the adoption of ASC Topic 842 on February 1, 2019 on Autodesk’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet:
 
As reported January 31, 2019
 
Impact from the adoption (1)
 
As adjusted
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
$
192.1

 
$
(5.9
)
 
$
186.2

Total current assets
1,620.0

 
(5.9
)
 
1,614.1

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 
283.4

 
283.4

Total assets
4,729.2

 
277.5

 
5,006.7

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
 
 


 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Other accrued liabilities
142.3

 
(4.9
)
 
137.4

Operating lease liabilities

 
54.1

 
54.1

Long-term operating lease liabilities

 
245.9

 
245.9

Other liabilities
121.8

 
(16.9
)
 
104.9

Accumulated deficit
(2,147.4
)
 
(0.7
)
 
(2,148.1
)
____________________ 
(1)
Adoption of ASC Topic 842 did not have any other material impacts on Autodesk's condensed consolidated financial statements.


9



See Note 13, "Leases" for disclosures under ASC Topic 842.

Recently issued accounting standards not yet adopted

In June 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13 regarding ASC Topic 326, "Financial Instruments - Credit Losses," which modifies the measurement of expected credit losses of certain financial instruments. Autodesk plans to adopt ASU 2016-13 as of the effective date which represents Autodesk’s fiscal year beginning February 1, 2020. Autodesk does not believe the ASU will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition    

Autodesk’s revenue is divided into three categories: subscription revenue, maintenance revenue, and other revenue. Revenue is recognized when control for these offerings is transferred to our customers and in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for products and services.

Our contracts with customers may include promises to transfer multiple products and services to a customer. Determining whether the products and services are considered distinct performance obligations that should be accounted for separately or as one combined performance obligation may require significant judgment. Judgment is required to determine the level of integration and interdependency between individual components of software and cloud functionality. This determination influences whether the software is considered distinct and accounted for separately as a license performance obligation, or not distinct and accounted for together with the cloud functionality as a single subscription performance obligation recognized over time.

For product subscriptions and enterprise business agreement ("EBA") subscriptions in which the desktop software and related cloud functionality are highly interrelated, the combined performance obligation is recognized ratably over the contract term as the obligation is delivered. For contracts involving distinct software licenses, the license performance obligation is satisfied at a point in time when control is transferred to the customer. For standalone maintenance subscriptions, cloud subscriptions, and technical support services, the performance obligation is satisfied ratably over the contract term as those services are delivered. For consulting services, the performance obligation is satisfied over a period of time as those services are delivered.

When an arrangement includes multiple performance obligations, which are concurrently delivered and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer (the services transfer to the customer over the contract period), we account for those performance obligations as a single performance obligation.

For contracts with more than one performance obligation, the transaction price is allocated among the performance obligations in an amount that depicts the relative standalone selling price ("SSP") of each obligation. Judgment is required to determine the SSP for each distinct performance obligation. We use a range of amounts to estimate SSP when we sell each of the products and services separately and need to determine whether there is a discount that should be allocated based on the relative SSP of the various products and services. 

In instances where SSP is not directly observable, such as when we do not sell the product or service separately, we determine the SSP using information that includes market conditions and other observable inputs. We typically have more than one SSP for individual products and services due to the stratification of those products and services by customer and circumstance. In these instances, we use relevant information such as the sales channel and geographic region to determine the SSP.

Our indirect channel model includes both a two-tiered distribution structure, where Autodesk sells to distributors that subsequently sell to resellers, and a one-tiered structure where Autodesk sells directly to resellers. For these arrangements, transfer of control begins at the time access to our subscriptions is made available electronically to our customer, provided all other criteria for revenue recognition are met. Judgment is required to determine whether our distributors and resellers have the ability to honor their commitment to pay, regardless of whether they collect payment from their customers. If we were to change this assessment, it could cause a material increase or decrease in the amount of revenue that we report in a particular period.

As part of the indirect channel model, we have a partner incentive program that uses quarterly attainment of monetary rewards to motivate distributors and resellers to achieve mutually agreed upon business goals in a specified time period.

10



Incentives related to our subscription program are recorded as a reduction to deferred revenue in the period the subscription transaction is billed, and are subsequently recognized as a reduction to subscription revenue over the contract period. A small portion of partner incentives reduce other revenue in the current period. These incentive balances do not require significant assumptions or judgments. Depending on how the payments are made, the reserves associated with the partner incentive program are recorded on the balance sheet as either contra accounts receivable or accounts payable.

Revenue Disaggregation

Autodesk recognizes revenue from the sale of (1) product subscriptions, cloud service offerings, and flexible enterprise business arrangements ("EBAs"), (2) renewal fees for existing maintenance plan agreements that were initially purchased with a perpetual software license, and (3) consulting, training and other goods and services. The three categories are presented as line items on Autodesk's unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Information regarding the components of Autodesk's net revenue from contracts with customers by geographic location, product family, and sales channel is as follows:
 
 
Three months ended April 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Net revenue by product family:
 
 
 
Architecture, Engineering and Construction
$
304.3

 
$
221.8

AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT
213.2

 
155.6

Manufacturing
167.5

 
135.4

Media and Entertainment
45.5

 
41.8

Other
5.0

 
5.3

Total net revenue
$
735.5

 
$
559.9

 
 
 
 
Net revenue by geographic area:
 
 
 
Americas
 
 
 
U.S.
$
249.1

 
$
195.9

Other Americas
46.7

 
37.6

Total Americas
295.8

 
233.5

Europe, Middle East and Africa
297.2

 
220.9

Asia Pacific
142.5

 
105.5

Total net revenue
$
735.5

 
$
559.9

 
 
 
 
Net revenue by sales channel:
 
 
 
Indirect
$
516.4

 
$
398.3

Direct
219.1

 
161.6

Total net revenue
$
735.5

 
$
559.9


Payments for product subscriptions, industry collections, cloud subscriptions, and maintenance subscriptions are typically due up front with payment terms of 30 to 45 days. Payments on EBAs are typically due in annual installments over the contract term, with payment terms of 30 to 60 days. Autodesk does not have any material variable consideration, such as obligations for returns, refunds, warranties or amounts due to customers for which significant estimation or judgment is required as of the reporting date.

As of April 30, 2019, Autodesk had total billed and unbilled deferred revenue of $2.74 billion, which represents the total contract price allocated to undelivered performance obligations, which are generally recognized over the next three years. We expect to recognize $2 billion or 73% of this revenue during the next 12 months. We expect to recognize the remaining $744.5 million or 27% of this revenue thereafter.

We expect that the amount of billed and unbilled deferred revenue will change from quarter to quarter for several reasons, including the specific timing, duration and size of customer subscription and support agreements, varying billing cycles of such agreements, the specific timing of customer renewals, and foreign currency fluctuations.

11




Contract Balances

We receive payments from customers based on a billing schedule as established in our contracts. Contract assets relate to performance completed in advance of scheduled billings. Contract assets were not material as of April 30, 2019. Deferred revenue relates to payments received in advance of performance under the contract. The primary changes in our contract assets and deferred revenues are due to our performance under the contracts and billings.

Revenue recognized during the three months ended April 30, 2019, that was included in the deferred revenue balances at January 31, 2019, was $643.4 million. The satisfaction of performance obligations typically lags behind payments received under revenue contracts from customers, which may lead to an increase in our deferred revenue balance over time.

4. Concentration of Credit Risk
    
Autodesk places its cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities in highly liquid instruments with, and in the custody of, multiple diversified financial institutions globally with high credit ratings and limits the amounts invested with any one institution, type of security and issuer. Autodesk’s primary commercial banking relationship is with Citigroup Inc. and its global affiliates. Citibank, N.A., an affiliate of Citigroup, is one of the lead lenders and an agent in the syndicate of Autodesk’s $650.0 million line of credit facility as well as our Term Loan Agreement. See Note 12, "Borrowing Arrangements," in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

Total sales to the Company's largest distributor Tech Data Corporation and its global affiliates (“Tech Data”) accounted for 35% of Autodesk’s total net revenue for the three months ended April 30, 2019, and 34% for the three months ended April 30, 2018. The majority of the net revenue from sales to Tech Data is for sales made outside of the United States. In addition, Tech Data accounted for 31% and 29% of trade accounts receivable at April 30, 2019, and January 31, 2019, respectively. During both the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018, Ingram Micro Inc. ("Ingram Micro") accounted for 10% of Autodesk's total net revenue. No other customer accounted for more than 10% of Autodesk's total net revenue or trade accounts receivable for each of the respective periods.


12



5. Financial Instruments

The following tables summarize the Company's financial instruments' amortized cost, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses, and fair value by significant investment category as of April 30, 2019, and January 31, 2019:
 
 
 
 
April 30, 2019
 
 
 
Amortized Cost
 
Gross Unrealized Gains
 
Gross Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Cash equivalents (1):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial paper
$
57.2

 
$

 
$

 
$
57.2

 
$

 
$
57.2

 
$

 
Money market funds
310.2

 

 

 
310.2

 
310.2

 

 

 
Other (2)
2.0

 

 

 
2.0

 
1.0

 
1.0

 

Marketable securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial paper
19.9

 

 

 
19.9

 

 
19.9

 

 
 
Common stock
2.6

 
0.1

 

 
2.7

 
2.7

 

 

 
Short-term trading securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mutual funds
59.2

 
7.1

 

 
66.3

 
66.3

 

 

Convertible debt securities (3)
1.1

 
0.4

 

 
1.5

 

 

 
1.5

Derivative contract assets (4)
2.2

 
9.5

 
(2.0
)
 
9.7

 

 
9.1

 
0.6

Derivative contract liabilities (5)

 

 
(5.4
)
 
(5.4
)
 

 
(5.4
)
 

 
 
Total
$
454.4


$
17.1


$
(7.4
)

$
464.1


$
380.2


$
81.8


$
2.1

____________________ 
(1)
Included in “Cash and cash equivalents” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2)
Consists of custody cash deposits and certificates of deposit.
(3)
Included in “Other assets” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(4)
Included in “Prepaid expenses and other current assets” or “Other assets” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(5)
Included in “Other accrued liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.


13



 
 
 
 
January 31, 2019
 
 
 
Amortized Cost
 
Gross Unrealized Gains
 
Gross Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Cash equivalents (1):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Certificates of deposit
$
1.0

 
$

 
$

 
$
1.0

 
$

 
$
1.0

 
$

 
Commercial paper
87.9

 

 

 
87.9

 

 
87.9

 

 
Corporate debt securities
5.0

 

 

 
5.0

 

 
5.0

 

 
Custody cash deposit
0.8

 

 

 
0.8

 
0.8

 

 

 
Money market funds
281.4

 

 

 
281.4

 
281.4

 

 

Marketable securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other (2)
6.2

 
1.1

 

 
7.3

 
2.7

 
4.6

 

 
Short-term trading securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mutual funds
56.6

 
3.7

 

 
60.3

 
60.3

 

 

 
Long-term
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Convertible debt securities (3)
4.6

 
1.9

 
(2.1
)
 
4.4

 

 

 
4.4

Derivative contract assets (4)
1.7

 
8.6

 
(1.8
)
 
8.5

 

 
7.7

 
0.8

Derivative contract liabilities (5)

 

 
(7.4
)
 
(7.4
)
 

 
(7.4
)
 

 
 
Total
$
445.2

 
$
15.3

 
$
(11.3
)
 
$
449.2

 
$
345.2

 
$
98.8

 
$
5.2

____________________ 
(1)
Included in “Cash and cash equivalents” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2)
Consists of corporate bonds, commercial paper, and common stock.
(3)
Considered "available for sale" and included in “Other assets” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(4)
Included in “Prepaid expenses and other current assets,” “Other assets,” or “Other accrued liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(5)
Included in “Other accrued liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
    
Autodesk classifies its marketable securities as either short-term or long-term based on each instrument’s underlying contractual maturity date. Generally, marketable securities with remaining maturities of up to 12 months are classified as short-term and marketable securities with remaining maturities greater than 12 months are classified as long-term. Autodesk may sell certain of its marketable securities prior to their stated maturities for strategic purposes or in anticipation of credit deterioration.

Autodesk applies fair value accounting for certain financial assets and liabilities, which consist of cash equivalents, marketable securities and other financial instruments, on a recurring basis. The Company defines fair value as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company has elected to use the income approach to value derivatives using the observable Level 2 market expectations at measurement date and standard valuation techniques to convert future amounts to a single present amount (discounted). Mid-market pricing is used as a practical expedient and when required, rates are interpolated from commonly quoted intervals published by market sources.

Fair value is estimated by applying the following hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value into three levels and bases the categorization within the hierarchy upon the lowest level of input that is available and significant to the fair value measurement: (Level 1) observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; (Level 2) inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and (Level 3) unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data, which require Autodesk to develop its own assumptions. When determining fair value, Autodesk uses observable market data and relies on unobservable inputs only when observable market data is not available. Key inputs for currency derivatives are spot rates, forward rates, interest rates, volatility, and credit default rates. The spot rate for each currency is the same spot rate used for all balance sheet translations at the measurement date. Autodesk reviews for any potential changes on a quarterly basis, in conjunction with our fiscal quarter-end close. It is Autodesk's assessment that the leveling best reflects current market activity when observing the pricing information for these assets.


14



Autodesk's cash equivalents, marketable securities and financial instruments are primarily classified within Level 1 or Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. Autodesk values its securities on pricing from pricing vendors, who may use quoted prices in active markets for identical assets (Level 1) or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable either directly or indirectly in determining fair value (Level 2). Autodesk's Level 2 securities and derivatives are valued primarily using observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities. Autodesk's Level 3 securities consist of investments held in convertible debt securities and derivative contracts.

A reconciliation of the change in Autodesk’s Level 3 items for the three months ended April 30, 2019, was as follows:

 
Fair Value Measurements Using
Significant Unobservable Inputs
 
(Level 3)
 
 
Derivative Contracts
 
Convertible Debt Securities
 
Total
Balances, January 31, 2019
 
$
0.8

 
$
4.4

 
$
5.2

Impairments
 

 
(1.0
)
 
(1.0
)
Settlements
 

 
(2.0
)
 
(2.0
)
Loss included in earnings (1)
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(0.5
)
Gain included in OCI
 

 
0.4

 
0.4

Balances, April 30, 2019
 
$
0.6

 
$
1.5

 
$
2.1


____________________
(1) Included in "Interest and other expense, net" in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The following table summarizes the estimated fair value of Autodesk's "available-for-sale securities" classified by the contractual maturity date of the security:

 
April 30, 2019
 
Cost
 
Fair Value
Due within 1 year
$
25.3

 
$
24.1

Total
$
25.3

 
$
24.1



As of April 30, 2019, and January 31, 2019, Autodesk had no material unrealized losses, individually and in the aggregate, for securities that are in a continuous unrealized loss position for greater than twelve months.

There was no gain or loss for the sales or redemptions of securities during the three months ended April 30, 2019, and April 30, 2018. Gains and losses resulting from the sale or redemption of securities are recorded in “Interest and other expense, net” on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Proceeds from the sale and maturity of marketable securities for the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018, were $4.6 million and $74.8 million, respectively.

Non-marketable equity securities

As of April 30, 2019, and January 31, 2019, Autodesk had $109.8 million and $111.6 million in direct investments in privately held companies. These non-marketable equity security investments do not have readily determined fair values and Autodesk uses the measurement alternative to account for the adjustment to these investments in a given quarter.

Under the measurement alternative method, these investments are measured at cost, less any impairments, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or similar investment of the same issuer in the current period. To determine if a transaction is deemed a similar investment, Autodesk considers the rights and obligations between the investments and the extent to which those differences would affect the fair values of those investments with additional consideration for the stage of development of the investee company. The fair value would then be adjusted positively or negatively based on available information such as pricing in recent rounds of financing. During the three months ended April 30, 2019, and April 30, 2018, respectively, Autodesk recorded $0.5 million and $4.6 million as an upward adjustment on certain of its privately held investments, reflected as a gain in "Interest and other expense, net" on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.

15




Non-marketable equity securities investments are periodically assessed for impairment based on available information such as current cash positions, earnings and cash flow positions, earnings and cash flow forecasts, recent operational performance and any other readily available market data. Autodesk does not intend to sell these investments and it is not more likely than not that Autodesk will be required to sell the investment before recovery of the cost basis. If Autodesk determines that an impairment has occurred, Autodesk writes down the investment to its fair value. During the three months ended April 30, 2019, Autodesk recorded $3.2 million in impairments on its privately held investments, reflected as a loss in "Interest and other expense, net" on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Autodesk does not consider the remaining investments to be impaired at April 30, 2019. During the three months ended April 30, 2018, Autodesk recorded $2.0 million in impairments on its privately held investments.

Derivative Financial Instruments

Under its risk management strategy, Autodesk uses derivative instruments to manage its short-term exposures to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates that exist as part of ongoing business operations. Autodesk's general practice is to hedge a portion of transaction exposures primarily denominated in euros, Japanese yen, Swiss francs, British pounds, Canadian dollars, Australian dollars, Singapore dollars, Swedish krona and Czech krona. These instruments have maturities between one and twelve months in the future. Autodesk does not enter into derivative instrument transactions for trading or speculative purposes.

The bank counterparties to the derivative contracts potentially expose Autodesk to credit-related losses in the event of their nonperformance. However, to mitigate that risk, Autodesk only contracts with counterparties who meet the Company's minimum requirements under its counterparty risk assessment process. Autodesk monitors counterparty risk on at least a quarterly basis and will adjust its exposure to various counterparties as necessary. Autodesk generally enters into master netting arrangements, which reduce credit risk by permitting net settlement of transactions with the same counterparty.  Autodesk does not have any master netting arrangements in place with collateral features.

Foreign currency contracts designated as cash flow hedges

Autodesk uses foreign currency contracts to reduce the exchange rate impact on a portion of the net revenue or operating expense of certain anticipated transactions. These currency collars and forward contracts are designated and documented as cash flow hedges. The effectiveness of the cash flow hedge contracts is assessed quantitatively using regression at inception and qualitatively thereafter considering transaction timing and probability and counterparty credit quality. To receive cash flow hedge accounting treatment, all hedging relationships are formally documented at the inception of the hedge relationship and the hedges are expected to be highly effective in offsetting changes to future cash flows on hedged transactions. The gains and losses on these hedges are included in “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” and are reclassified into earnings at the time the forecasted revenue or expense is recognized. In the event the underlying forecasted transaction does not occur, or it becomes probable that it will not occur, Autodesk reclassifies and discloses the gain or loss on the related cash flow hedge from “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” to “Interest and other expense, net” in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements at that time.

The notional amounts of these contracts are presented net settled and were $938.6 million at April 30, 2019, and $803.5 million at January 31, 2019. Outstanding contracts are recognized as either assets or liabilities on the balance sheet at fair value. The majority of the net gain of $18.3 million remaining in “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” as of April 30, 2019, is expected to be recognized into earnings within the next twenty-four months.


16



The location and amount of gain or (loss) recognized in income on cash flow hedges together with the total amount of income or expense presented in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations where the effects of the hedge are recorded were as follows for the three months ended April 30, 2019.

 
 
Three months ended April 30, 2019
 
 
Net Revenue
 
Cost of revenue
 
Operating expenses
 
 
Subscription Revenue
 
Maintenance Revenue
 
Cost of subscription and maintenance revenue
 
Marketing and sales
 
Research and development
 
General and administrative
Total amounts of income and expense line items presented in the condensed consolidated statements of operations in which the effects of cash flow hedges are recorded
 
$
595.8

 
$
112.0

 
$
59.7

 
$
313.3

 
$
205.6

 
$
99.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships in Subtopic ASC 815-20
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amount of gain (loss) reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income into income
 
$
2.2

 
$
1.3

 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(1.6
)
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
(0.8
)


Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments

Autodesk uses foreign currency contracts that are not designated as hedging instruments to reduce the exchange rate risk associated primarily with foreign currency denominated receivables, payables, and cash. These forward contracts are marked-to-market at the end of each fiscal quarter with gains and losses recognized in “Interest and other expense, net.” These derivative instruments do not subject the Company to material balance sheet risk due to exchange rate movements because gains and losses on these derivative instruments are intended to offset the gains or losses resulting from the revaluation and settlement of the underlying foreign currency denominated receivables, payables, and cash. The notional amounts of these foreign currency contracts are presented net settled and were $336.3 million at April 30, 2019, and $579.8 million at January 31, 2019.

In addition to these foreign currency contracts, Autodesk holds derivative instruments issued by privately held companies, which are not designated as hedging instruments. These derivatives consist of certain conversion options on the convertible debt securities held by Autodesk and an option to acquire a privately held company. These derivatives are recorded at fair value as of each balance sheet date and are recorded in “Other assets.” Changes in the fair values of these instruments are recognized in “Interest and other expense, net.”


17



Fair Value of Derivative Instruments

The fair values of derivative instruments in Autodesk’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets were as follows as of April 30, 2019, and January 31, 2019:

 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value at
 
April 30, 2019
 
January 31, 2019
Derivative Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts designated as cash flow hedges
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
5.9

 
$
4.3

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
Prepaid expenses and other current assets and Other assets
 
3.8

 
4.2

Total derivative assets
 
 
$
9.7

 
$
8.5

Derivative Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts designated as cash flow hedges
Other accrued liabilities
 
$
3.6

 
$
3.3

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
Other accrued liabilities
 
1.8

 
4.1

Total derivative liabilities
 
 
$
5.4

 
$
7.4



The effects of derivatives designated as hedging instruments on Autodesk’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations were as follows for the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018 (amounts presented include any income tax effects):

 
Foreign Currency Contracts
 
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Amount of gain recognized in accumulated other comprehensive loss on derivatives (effective portion)
$
4.0

 
$
6.9

Amount and location of gain (loss) reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into (loss) income (effective portion)
 
 
 
Net revenue
$
3.5

 
$
(2.5
)
Cost of revenue
(0.1
)
 

Operating expenses
(2.7
)
 
3.3

Total
$
0.7

 
$
0.8

Amount and location of gain (loss) recognized in (loss) income on derivatives (ineffective portion and amount excluded from effectiveness testing)
 
 
 
Interest and other expense, net
$
3.8

 
$
(0.2
)

The effects of derivatives not designated as hedging instruments on Autodesk’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations were as follows for the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018 (amounts presented include any income tax effects):

 
Three months ended April 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Amount and location of gain recognized on derivatives in net (loss)
 
 
 
Interest and other expense, net
$
4.1

 
$
4.6




18



6. Stock-based Compensation Expense

Stock Options:

A summary of stock option activity for the three months ended April 30, 2019 is as follows:
 
Number of shares (in millions)
 
Weighted average exercise price per share
 
Weighted average remaining contractual term (in years)
 
Aggregate intrinsic value (1) (in millions)
Options outstanding at January 31, 2019
0.8

 
$
23.95

 
 
 
 
Exercised
(0.1
)
 
24.72

 
 
 
 
Options outstanding at April 30, 2019
0.7

 
$
23.92

 
7.5
 
$
115.2

Options vested and exercisable at April 30, 2019
0.2

 
$
34.91

 
3.5
 
$
22.7

Shares available for grant at April 30, 2019

 
 
 
 
 
 
_______________
(1)
Represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value, based on Autodesk’s closing stock price of $178.21 per share as of April 30, 2019.

As of April 30, 2019, compensation cost of $58.5 million related to non-vested stock options is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.6 years.
 
The following table summarizes information about the pre-tax intrinsic value of options exercised during the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018:
(in millions)
Three months ended April 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Pre-tax intrinsic value of options exercised (1)
$
8.4

 
$
3.4

——————
(1)
The intrinsic value of options exercised is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the option and the market value of the stock on the date of exercise.

Restricted Stock Units:

A summary of restricted stock activity for the three months ended April 30, 2019, is as follows:
 
 
Unvested
restricted
stock units
 
Weighted
average grant
date fair value
per share
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Unvested restricted stock units at January 31, 2019
4,287.4

 
$
120.07

Granted
904.8

 
157.69

Vested
(429.6
)
 
117.08

Canceled/Forfeited
(104.5
)
 
123.87

        Performance Adjustment (1)
23.8

 
156.69

Unvested restricted stock units at April 30, 2019
4,681.9

 
$
127.70


 _______________
(1)
Based on Autodesk's financial results and relative total stockholder return for the fiscal 2019 performance period. The performance stock units were attained at rates ranging from 105.2% to 122.5% of the target award.

The fair value of the shares vested during the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018, was $50.3 million and $96.2 million, respectively.

During the three months ended April 30, 2019, Autodesk granted 0.7 million restricted stock units. Autodesk recorded stock-based compensation expense related to restricted stock units of $54.4 million and $41.7 million during the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
 

19



During the three months ended April 30, 2019, Autodesk granted 0.3 million performance stock units for which the ultimate number of shares earned is determined based on the achievement of performance criteria at the end of the stated service and performance period. The performance criteria for the performance stock units are based on Annualized Recurring Revenue ("ARR") and free cash flow goals adopted by the Compensation and Human Resource Committee, as well as total stockholder return compared against companies in the S&P North American Technology Software Index with a market capitalization over $2.0 billion (“Relative TSR”). These performance stock units vest over a three-year period and have the following vesting schedule:

Up to one third of the performance stock units may vest following year one, depending upon the achievement of the performance criteria for fiscal 2020 as well as 1-year Relative TSR (covering year one).

Up to one third of the performance stock units may vest following year two, depending upon the achievement of the performance criteria for year two as well as 2-year Relative TSR (covering years one and two).

Up to one third of the performance stock units may vest following year three, depending upon the achievement of the performance criteria for year three as well as 3-year Relative TSR (covering years one, two and three).

Performance stock units are not considered outstanding stock at the time of grant, as the holders of these units are not entitled to any of the rights of a stockholder, including voting rights. Autodesk has determined the grant date fair value for these awards using the stock price on the date of grant or if the awards are also subject to a market condition, a Monte Carlo simulation model. The fair value of the performance stock units is expensed using the accelerated attribution over the vesting period. Autodesk recorded stock-based compensation expense related to performance stock units of $6.5 million for both the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018.

1998 Employee Qualified Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”)

Under Autodesk’s ESPP, which was approved by stockholders in 1998, eligible employees may purchase shares of Autodesk’s common stock at their discretion using up to 15% of their eligible compensation, subject to certain limitations, at 85% of the lower of Autodesk's closing price (fair market value) on the offering date or the exercise date. The offering period for ESPP awards consists of four, six-month exercise periods within a 24-month offering period.

A summary of the ESPP activity for the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018, is as follows:

 
Three months ended April 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Issued shares (in millions)
0.5

 
0.5

Average price of issued shares
$
99.46

 
$
88.45

Weighted average grant date fair value of awards granted under the ESPP (1)
$
52.41

 
$
37.64

 _______________
(1)
Calculated as of the award grant date using the Black-Scholes Merton (“BSM") option pricing model.


20



Stock-based Compensation Expense

The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, as follows:
 
 
Three months ended April 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Cost of subscription and maintenance revenue
$
3.6

 
$
2.7

Cost of other revenue
1.3

 
0.8

Marketing and sales
32.5

 
24.0

Research and development